What is Biodiversity?
What is Biodiversity?
- What is biodiversity? Tropical Conservation Fund.
- Peters, M., et al. (2016). Predictors of elevational biodiversity gradients change from single taxa to the multi-taxa community level. Nature communications, 7, 13736.
- Why the tropics are an evolutionary hotbed. Moreau, C. S., & Bell, C. D. (2013). Testing the museum versus cradle tropical biological diversity hypothesis: phylogeny, diversification, and ancestral biogeographic range evolution of the ants. Evolution, 67(8), 2240-2257.
- Zachos, F. E. (2018). Mammals and meaningful taxonomic units: the debate about species concepts and conservation. Mammal Review.
- Evolutionary distinctiveness. EDGE of Existence program. Global conservation initiative to focus specifically on threatened species that represent a significant amount of unique evolutionary history.
- Sandler, R. (2012) Intrinsic Value, Ecology, and Conservation. Nature Education Knowledge 3(10):4.
- Deep Ecology. Tropical Conservation Fund.
- Robbins, J. (2018). Native Knowledge: What Ecologists Are Learning from Indigenous People. Yale Environment 360.
- Kopnina, H. (2016). Half the earth for people (or more)? Addressing ethical questions in conservation. Biological Conservation, 203, 176-185.
- Pascual, U., Muradian, R., Brander, L., Gómez-Baggethun, E., Martín-López, B., Verma, M., ... & Farley, J. (2010). The economics of valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity. The economics of ecosystems and biodiversity: ecological and economic foundations, 183-256.
- Kill, J. (2014). Economic valuation of nature: The price to pay for conservation. A critical exploration. Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung, Brussels Office. Brussels, Belgium.
- DEFRA, U. (2007). An introductory guide to valuing ecosystem services. In Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London.
- Costanza, R., et al. (2014). Changes in the global value of ecosystem services. Global environmental change, 26, 152-158.
- Mainstreaming ecosystem services and biodiversity into agricultural production and management. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
- In Defense of Biodiversity: Why Protecting Species from Extinction Matters
- Does it help conservation to put a price on nature?
- Weyerhaeuser, H., Wilkes, A., & Kahrl, F. (2005). Local impacts and responses to regional forest conservation and rehabilitation programs in China’s northwest Yunnan province. Agricultural Systems, 85(3), 234-253.
- Lenton, T. M., Crouch, M., Johnson, M., Pires, N., & Dolan, L. (2012). First plants cooled the Ordovician. Nature Geoscience, 5(2), 86.
- Heller, N. E., & Zavaleta, E. S. (2009). Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: a review of 22 years of recommendations. Biological conservation, 142(1), 14-32.
- Anthropocene boosters and the attack on wilderness conservation
- About the Future of Conservation debate
- Laurance, W. F., Sayer, J., & Cassman, K. G. (2014). Agricultural expansion and its impacts on tropical nature. Trends in ecology & evolution, 29(2), 107-116.
- Green, R. E., Cornell, S. J., Scharlemann, J. P., & Balmford, A. (2005). Farming and the fate of wild nature. science, 307(5709), 550-555.
- Future friendly farming: Seven agricultural practices to sustain people and the environment
- Agriculture and wildlife: A two-way relationship.
- Yields and Land Use in Agriculture
- Agriculture and overuse greater threats to wildlife than climate change. Original research: Biodiversity: The ravages of guns, nets and bulldozers
- Hunting, fishing and farming remain the biggest threats to wildlife
- EU in 'state of denial' over destructive impact of farming on wildlife
- Mendes-Oliveira, A. C., Peres, C. A., Maués, P. C. R. D. A., Oliveira, G. L., Mineiro, I. G., de Maria, S. L. S., & Lima, R. C. (2017). Oil palm monoculture induces drastic erosion of an Amazonian forest mammal fauna. PloS one, 12(11), e0187650.
- Edwards, D. P., Hodgson, J. A., Hamer, K. C., Mitchell, S. L., Ahmad, A. H., Cornell, S. J., & Wilcove, D. S. (2010). Wildlife‐friendly oil palm plantations fail to protect biodiversity effectively. Conservation Letters, 3(4), 236-242.
- Phalan, B., Balmford, A., Green, R. E., & Scharlemann, J. P. (2011). Minimising the harm to biodiversity of producing more food globally. Food Policy, 36, S62-S71.
- Shackelford, G. E., Steward, P. R., German, R. N., Sait, S. M., & Benton, T. G. (2015). Conservation planning in agricultural landscapes: hotspots of conflict between agriculture and nature. Diversity and Distributions, 21(3), 357-367.
- Andam, K. S., Ferraro, P. J., Sims, K. R., Healy, A., & Holland, M. B. (2010). Protected areas reduced poverty in Costa Rica and Thailand. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(22), 9996-10001.
- Conservation and Poverty Reduction
- Weber, J. G., Sills, E. O., Bauch, S., & Pattanayak, S. K. (2011). Do ICDPs work? An empirical evaluation of forest-based microenterprises in the Brazilian Amazon. Land Economics, 87(4), 661-681.
- Porter-Bolland, L., Ellis, E. A., Guariguata, M. R., Ruiz-Mallén, I., Negrete-Yankelevich, S., & Reyes-García, V. (2012). Community managed forests and forest protected areas: An assessment of their conservation effectiveness across the tropics. Forest ecology and management, 268, 6-17.
- World Database on Protected Areas
- Pringle, R. M. (2017). Upgrading protected areas to conserve wild biodiversity. Nature, 546(7656), 91.
- Abram, N. K., MacMillan, D. C., Xofis, P., Ancrenaz, M., Tzanopoulos, J., Ong, R., ... & Morel, A. C. (2016). Identifying where REDD+ financially out-competes oil palm in floodplain landscapes using a fine-scale approach. PloS one, 11(6), e0156481.
- Why we need biodiversity in our quest to save forests and climate
- Luttrell, C., Loft, L., Fernanda Gebara, M., Kweka, D., Brockhaus, M., Angelsen, A., & Sunderlin, W. (2013). Who should benefit from REDD+? Rationales and realities. Ecology and Society, 18(4).
Endangered Species Act and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Small Population Phenomenon
- Wilcox, B. A., & Murphy, D. D. (1985). Conservation strategy: the effects of fragmentation on extinction. The American Naturalist, 125(6), 879-887.
- California Condor Recovery Plan
- Move It? A framework and ranking system for assisted colonization
- Arora, N., Nater, A., van Schaik, C. P., Willems, E. P., van Noordwijk, M. A., Goossens, B., ... & Kuze, N. (2010). Effects of Pleistocene glaciations and rivers on the population structure of Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(50), 21376-21381.
- Clark, W. (2010) Principles of Landscape Ecology. Nature Education Knowledge 3(10):34.
- ADVANCE Approach: Adaptation for Development and Conservation
- Issues Facing Our Planet - IUCN Briefs
- Tropical Field Guides from the Field Museum
- Habitat network
- Macaulay Library - High quality bird calls
- Handbook of Biological Statistics
- Global Forest Change 2000–2013 Data Download
- Global Forest Watch. Tool to view forest loss (logging) over time.
- Miradi: Share new cloud-based software system that enables conservation practitioners #monitor #conservation projects
- Protected Planet: Interactive map of protected areas and species overall.
- RAMAS Software. Spatial analysis with Population Viability Analysis
- TEAM (Tropical Ecology Assessment & Monitoring Network). Long-term monitoring data.
- VORTEX - Population viability analysis software.
Conservation Biology Lectures and Podcasts
- Managing impacts on nature with economics
- Shared Planet (BBC): a series exploring the complex interface between a growing human population and wildlife
- Mongabay Newscast: News and inspiration from nature's frontline.
- David Woodruff: Nature Matters - Conservation and the Futures of Life
- Andrew Balmford: Nature's glass: half-full or half-empty?
- Andrew Balmford and Stephen Polasky: An Economist and Ecologist Walk Into A Bar
- Jon Erickson: "CRASH COURSE" in Ecological Economics
Technology in the Field
- Eavesdrop on forest sounds to effectively monitor biodiversity, researchers say
- Jahn, O., Ganchev, T. D., Marques, M. I., & Schuchmann, K. L. (2017). Automated sound recognition provides insights into the behavioral ecology of a tropical bird. PloS one, 12(1), e0169041.
Conservation Biology News
- Llama Pack Project in Sacred Valley, Peru
- 10 hour boat ride down the Madre de Dios river, which feeds the Amazon. Incredible adventures including seeing several monkey species, a tapir, a gigantic hollow strangler fig tree, and trees full of macaws
- Part I: Has big conservation gone astray? Part II: How big donors and corporations shape conservation goals. Part III: Conservation today, the old-fashioned way. Part IV: Conservation’s people problem. Part V: Epilogue: Conservation still divided, looking for a way forward
- Why Climate Change Isn’t Our Biggest Environmental Problem, and Why Technology Won’t Save Us
- Where Your Cat Goes May Blow Your Mind | National Geographic
- Ebola vaccine shows promise for gorillas and chimps. A small trial suggests that a vaccine against Ebola could protect gorillas and chimps from the deadly disease.
- Why function is catching on in conservation: Counting what species do is becoming as important as counting how many there are.
- Original article: Biodiversity moves beyond counting species: Ecologists are increasingly looking at how richness of traits — rather than number of species — helps set the health of ecosystems.
- American beekeepers lost 33 percent of bees in 2016-17
- Has the Earth’s Sixth Mass Extinction Already Arrived? Nature
- Large conservation gains possible for global biodiversity facets. Original article and Review article
- An evolving IUCN Red List needs to be both innovative and rigorous (commentary)
- The Tragedy of the Commons
- Newly released data suggest that rainforest destruction in the Brazilian Amazon has reached the highest level since 2009.
- A brand new article in National Geographic about how our resource use is unsustainable. @National Geographic
- Gold-mining in the Madre de Dios
- Massive effort to save the Amazon is failing even in ‘protected’ areas
- Impact of gun-hunting on monkey species and implications for primate conservation on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
- Habitat fragmentation is associated to gut microbiota diversity of an endangeredprimate: implications for conservation
- In unprecedented move, Michelin adopts zero deforestation for rubber sourcing
- Conservation and People
- Poachers Are Killing Andean Camels for Their Wool
- New monkey species discovered right here in the Madre de Dios: Urubamba brown titi, Callicebus urubambensis
- Captured fog used to re-vegetate coastal Peruvian deserts
- Logging of mahogany in Peru. Interactive map
- Can scientists clone a rhinoceros?
- Push to save endangered Florida Panther prompts new payment program to increase habitat
- Amazon gold rush destroying huge swaths of rainforest
- Peru's carbon quantified: Economic and conservation boon
- How saving West African forests might have prevented the Ebola epidemic
- Conservationists propose Dracula Reserve in Ecuador. Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Biodiversity Hotspot